Why celebrate Republic Day, what is the story behind it, how is it different from Independence Day?


Every year on 26 January the country Republic Day celebrates. The country first celebrated Republic Day on this day in 1950. It was a very cold weather day that year. After several days of fog, the morning of January 26, 1950 was sunny. This incense was telling the story of the rise of India as a republic. On that day, India was completely freed from the shackles of colonialism and became a de facto sovereign republic after three years of independence.

On the same day, i.e. January 26, 1950, the first President of India Dr. Rajendra Prasad started his term. As the day dawned on that day, citizens in Delhi took out Prabhat Pheris, beat drums and conches, and sang patriotic songs. Similar celebrations were held across the country. Since then every year on January 26, the country has been celebrating Republic Day and has been drowning in similar celebrations.

Difference between Independence Day and Republic Day:
Independence Day is celebrated on 15 August. It is celebrated to commemorate the country’s independence from the British rule, while Republic Day is celebrated every year on 26 January. It commemorates the coming into force of the Constitution in the country. January 26 was chosen as the Republic Day because it was on this day in 1929 that the Indian National Congress declared Purna Swaraj opposing the dominance of the British rule.

Story of India becoming a republic:
When the country became independent on 15 August 1947, a committee was formed on 29 August 1947 to draft a permanent constitution for free India. It is known as the Drafting Committee or the Drafting Committee. Dr. BR Ambedkar was made the chairman of that committee.

By 4 November 1947, that committee had prepared the draft of the constitution and presented it in the Constituent Assembly. The assembly held discussions on it in several sessions for nearly two years before finally adopting the constitution.

January 24 is a special day to become a republic:
On 24 January 1950, the last stones were laid for the foundation of the country becoming a republic. On that day the Constituent Assembly that made the Constitution met for the last time. 308 members of that assembly had signed that constitution. These signatures were the final seal on the constitution. Three copies of the constitution were signed on that day. One copy was printed in English, while the other two copies were handwritten. One of these was written in Hindi and the other in English. These handwritten copies are called the original copy of the constitution.

On this day, the first President of the country Dr. Rajendra Prasad was unanimously elected. When the returning officer of the elections announced the candidates, it was found that Rajendra Prasad was the only candidate. In this way he was elected unopposed. The third major task also took place on the same day, that was to agree on the national anthem and national song.

Traditions of Republic Day:
Between 1950 and 1954, the Republic Day parade was held at Irwin Stadium (now National Stadium), Kingsway, Red Fort and Ramlila Maidan. Since 1955, the Republic Day celebrations have been held at Rajpath. Now its name has been changed to Duty Path.

Every year a leader of a particular nation is invited as the chief guest for the Republic Day parade. Indonesian President Sukarno was the first chief guest to attend India’s Republic Day celebrations in 1950. This year in 2023, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi will be the chief guest on India’s 74th Republic Day.

What happens in Republic Day celebration:
The parade begins after the arrival of the President of India. The mounted bodyguard of the President first salutes the national flag after which the national anthem is played. After this, a salute of 21 guns is given. This salute is given by the seven guns of the Indian Army, which are known as ’25-Ponders’. Each cannon fires three rounds.

Every member of the army participating in the march has to go through four layers of screening. Even their weapons are extensively inspected to ensure that they are not carrying live cartridges.